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   ► KBComputer TechSoftwareWindows Serv...   Print This     
  From the January 2016 Issue of Prestwood eMag
Tech Windows Server 2008:
Windows Server 2008 Backup
Posted 10 years ago on 1/2/2011
Take Away:

The Windows Server Backup utility provided with Windows Server 2008 was completely different from the backup program included with earlier Windows Server versions. Unlike previous versions and most commercial backup products, the new program is designed primarily to back up entire volumes to an external hard disk drive.


The program also uses a different format for its backup files; it uses the Microsoft Virtual Hard Disk (VHD) format, which makes the files accessible to Hyper-V, Virtual PC, and the Complete PC backup utility.

The Windows Server 2008 backup utility also had some distinct shortcomings, however. It could only back up and restore entire volumes, not individual files and folders, and it required you to designate an entire disk as a backup disk, preventing you from using that disk for anything else. The Windows Server Backup program in Windows Server 2008 R2 addresses these shortcomings, and includes a number of additional improvements, as described in the following sections.

Backing Up Selected Files and Folders The Windows Server 2008 version of Windows Server Backup enables you to back up your entire server or selected volumes on that server; however, you cannot select individual files or folders for backup. The Shadow Copies for Shared Folders feature eliminates the need for individual file and folder backups and restores to some degree, but many administrators have requested this feature. Therefore, when you choose the Custom configuration option in Windows Server 2008 R2, both the Backup Once Wizard and the Backup Schedule Wizard enable you to select individual items for backup, using the interface shown in Figure 9-1. Unlike Windows Server 2008, you can also perform a scheduled backup that excludes the system drive.

Figure 9-1 The Select Items dialog box from the Backup Once Wizard and the Backup Schedule Wizard in Windows Server Backup.

In addition to individual file and folder selection, the program also enables you to create exclusions. An exclusion is a filter that prevents a job from backing up specified files or file types in the selected targets. For example, if you want to back up all of a servers Data volume except for the video files, you can either browse through the entire volume in the Select Items dialog box and select everything but the video files, or you can select the entire volume and create an exclusion for the video files.

To create exclusions, go to the Select Items For Backup page of the Backup Once Wizard or Backup Schedule Wizard and click Advanced Settings. Click Add Exclusion and select a file or folder to exclude in the Select Items To Exclude dialog box, shown in Figure 9-2.

To exclude an entire file type instead of a specific file or folder, you can modify an entry in the Excluded File Types list by adding standard wildcard characters, as shown in Figure 9-3.

Figure 9-2: The Select Items To Exclude dialog box from the Backup Once Wizard and the Backup Schedule Wizard in Windows Server Backup.

Figure 9-3: The Exclusions tab of the Advanced Settings dialog box from the Backup Once Wizard and the Backup Schedule Wizard in Windows Server Backup.

Selecting a Backup Destination

In the Windows Server 2008 version of Windows Server Backup, when you create a scheduled backup job, you have to select a local disk (not a volume) to function as the backup drive. The Windows Server 2008 R2 version provides additional options. In the Backup Schedule Wizard, after you select the items you want to back up and create a schedule, the Specify Destination Type page appears, providing the following three options:

  • Back Up To A Hard Disk That Is Dedicated For Backups (Recommended) This option requires that you allocate an entire disk as the backup drive, using the interface shown in the following graphic. The wizard reformats the disk and dedicates it to that purpose exclusively. You cannot use the disk for anything else, nor can you access it using standard file management tools such as Windows Explorer. This is the default option in Windows Server 2008 R2 and the only option in Windows Server 2008.

  • Back Up To A Volume This option enables you to select a specific volume for backups instead of an entire disk, using the interface shown in the following graphic. The wizard creates a folder on the volume called Windows Image Backup, beneath which there are subfolders containing the backup files and the catalog of backed up files, but the rest of the folder remains available for use in the normal manner. The drawback of this option is that the backup jobs are slowed down by as much as 200 percent.


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Comment 1 of 1

Windows server 2008 can be very useful in backing up the data. Rules about the back up are depicted in a very nice way as I get to find out quality work. Thanks to the administration of the website for making everything clear.

Posted 17 months ago
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Article Contributed By lowster11:

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