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Windows Flashcards Library

These FlashCards are contributed by you (our online community members). They are organized by our knowledge base topics. Specifically, by the Windows sub-topics.

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21 Windows Users FlashCards

Group: Windows Users

Topic: Microsoft Office

Q&A: Change MS Word Markup Default to Off

How do you turn off Markup comments in Microsoft Word so the next time I open a document, I do not see the markup comments by default?


In Word 2002, Word remembered your last Markup setting. In Word 2003 Microsoft changed the default behavior so all readers will see the comments if they exist. To change this default behavior, select Tools | Options, select the Security tab, then uncheck Make hidden markup visible when opening or saving. This per document setting is saved with the document.

Posted By Mike Prestwood, Post #102212, KB Topic: Microsoft Office

Topic: Windows 7

Tip: Command Prompt From Any Folder

Hold down the Shift key and right click on any folder in Windows 7 and select Open command window here. A command prompt will open with the current directory set automatically.

Posted By lowster11, Post #102176, KB Topic: Windows 7
Q&A: Windows 7, 8, and 10 Memory Recommendation

How much memory do I need with Windows XP?


With the size of applications and data, my belief is the more the better. For 32BIT Windows, a minimum of 2 GB of RAM is good, but 4 GBs is better. With 64BIT Windows, most users will benefit from at least 6GB of RAM.

Posted By Mike Prestwood, Post #100821, KB Topic: Windows 7

Topic: Windows Users

Tip: Find Driver Tip

If you know the correct driver is installed on your computer some place but don't remember where or know it's part of Windows, use the browse  for local driver option and specifiy a path of C:\ and check the include subfolders checkbox.

For example, in Vista, if there are no bluetooth devices on you computer when Vista is installed, the bluetooth stack isn't loaded. To load it, simply put your USB bluetooth dongle in an available USB port and use the tip above to load the Vista bluetooth driver.

Posted By Mike Prestwood, Post #102000, KB Topic: Windows Users
Q&A: Installing Software in Safe Mode
Question: Can I install software in Windows safe mode?


Depends on the software. If a software installation relies on something that is disabled in Safe Mode, then it will not install correctly. In addition, some software will not let you. For example, Norton Anti-Virus will not allow you.

If you boot up in Safe Mode with Networking, you can also browse the internet. For example, you can frequently browse to and use their free online virus scanning software to remove viruses that have disabled your computer.

Posted By Mike Prestwood, Post #101248, KB Topic: Windows Users
Q&A: ReadyBoost and Virtual Memory Paging
Question: What is the relationship between ReadyBoost and virtual paging?


All files cached to ReadyBoost are still backed up on disk in virtual memory. This is why you can disconnect a ReadyBoost device anytime you wish. ReadyBoost increases overall speed because random I/Os are faster with flash RAM than with disk. It's interesting to note that some hard drives are much faster at sequential I/O than flash RAM so ReadyBoost focuses on caching virtual memory which is random I/O intensive. Many industry experts expect flash RAM to outperform disks in the near future especially now that Microsoft has created a market for super fast flash RAM devices.

Posted By Mike Prestwood, Post #100847, KB Topic: Windows Users
Tip: Show Not Present Hidden Drivers in Device Manager

Right click on My Computer and select the Properties menu option then select the Advanced tab (in Vista, select the Advanced system settings then the Advanced tab). Click the Environment Variables button then the New button and add the following:

  • name = devmgr_show_nonpresent_devices
  • value = 1

Select Ok twice to close the Environment Variables dialog. In Device Manager on the Hardware tab, select View | Show Hidden Devices. Now both hidden devices and non-present devices will be listed. The non-present devices are grayed out.

Posted By Mike Prestwood, Post #102021, KB Topic: Windows Users
Q&A: Uninstall IE9

How do I uninstall Internet Explorer 9?


You can uninstall IE9 and revert to your previous version of IE. On Vista/Windows 7, go to the Programs and Features control panel applet, select View Installed Updates, scroll down to the Microsoft Windows section, select Windows Internet Explorer, finally click the Uninstall button.

Posted By Mike Prestwood, Post #102307, KB Topic: Windows Users
Q&A: Windows Max Path+Filename Limit

What is the maximum file + path name allowed in Windows?


BEST ANSWER: The maximum for both FAT32 and NTFS is a combined 255 characters. This is true for all 32bit and 64bit Windows operating systems as of May 2016 including Windows 10.

MAX_PATH CONSTANT: FAT32 technically has no full-path limit and the NTFS limit is 32,767. However, Microsoft limits the allowable size of a full-path ([drive][:][path][each separating\][null]) to 260 characters with the MAX_PATH constanst. This means that most programs can handle and are limited to a path + filename length of 255 characters plus drive letter, colon, separating \'s, and a null.

Posted By Mike Prestwood, Post #102743, KB Topic: Windows Users
Q&A: Windows Update vs Microsoft Update
Question: What is the difference between Windows Update and Microsoft Update?


Windows Update installs new operating system features and fixes. Microsoft Update does that too but also updates some Microsoft products such as Office updates. Depending on which operating system you are using, you may already be using Microsoft Update. To check, go to Windows Update and check the settings for a Use Microsoft Update option or a checkbox that asks you if you wish to stop using Microsoft Update in favor of just using Windows Update.

Posted By Mike Prestwood, Post #101164, KB Topic: Windows Users

Topic: Windows Vista


Application Virtualization


Introduced with Vista, creates application-specific copies of all shared resources. It separates the application configuration layer from the OS making deployment easier in some cases.

More Info -

Posted By Mike Prestwood, Post #100839, KB Topic: Windows Vista
Tip: Application Virtualization
If you want to make your application data available to multiple users on a Windows Vista PC you can place the data in a subfolder of the Public folder. Vista does not virtualize this folder and it is available to all users on a PC. You can also set the permissions on the files or folders you want to share to allow all users full permissions.
Posted By Daniel Fought, Post #100851, KB Topic: Windows Vista


Definition: Windows Vista introduced Windows ReadyBoost, a new way to add memory to your system. You can use non-volatile flash memory, such as a ReadyBoost compliant USB flash drive, to improve performance without having to add additional system memory. Superfetch, Vista's new caching scheme, takes full advantage of all system memory and ReadyBoost expands the available cache memory. This speeds up your computer because accessing a flash drive is significantly faster than accessing a hard drive.
Posted By Mike Prestwood, Post #100819, KB Topic: Windows Vista


Definition: Memory caching scheme introduced with Windows Vista that tracks what kind of applications you use and loads them into RAM so they can be launched faster. SuperFecth can use ReadyBoost to add to the available cache using a ReadyBoost compliant USB 2.0 flash drive. SuperFetch and ReadyBoost speed up virtual memory transactions.
Posted By Mike Prestwood, Post #100820, KB Topic: Windows Vista
Q&A: Turn On Offline Files in Vista
Question: How do I enable Offline Files in Windows Vista?


In Vista Professional and above, Offline Files is now a Control Panel applet. Go to your control panel, open the Offline Files applet and click the Enable Offline Files button. Offline Files is NOT available in Vista Home Edition nor is it availble in Windows XP Home Edition.

In Windows XP, Offline Files is part of the Folder Options. To enable Offline Files in XP:

  1. Click Start, and thin click My Computer.
  2. On the Tools menu, click Folder Options
  3. Click the Offline Files tab.
  4. Select the Enable Offline Files check box, and then clock OK.
Posted By Mike Prestwood, Post #100894, KB Topic: Windows Vista
Q&A: Turn On Vista Aero
Question: How do I turn on Vista Aero?


The short answer is you shouldn't have to if your computer is running Vista and it has the proper hardware. Assuming you do and you've turned off Aero, you turn it back on in the classic Appearance Settings properties dialog.

  1. Right click your desktop and select Personalize.
  2. Select Windows Color and Appearance.
  3. Select the Open classic appearance properties for more color options.
  4. Select Windows Aero from the Color Scheme list.

If Windows Aero isn't listed, then you need to check your hardware. For example, when I plug in my third monitor using a USB VGA card, Aero automatically turns off until I unplug my third USB monitor.

Posted By Mike Prestwood, Post #100829, KB Topic: Windows Vista
Q&A: USB Flashdrive ReadyBoost Size
Question: What size ReadyBoost compatible USB 2 Flashdrive should I buy?


If you intend to use it ONLY for ReadyBoost, the current limit ReadyBoost will use as of early 2008 is 4 GB. Another guideline you could use is that Microsoft is currently recommending a ReadyBoost cache size of 1 to 3 times your RAM. So, if you have 1 GB or RAM, they recommend a 1 to 3 GB ReadyBoost cache.

Posted By Mike Prestwood, Post #100827, KB Topic: Windows Vista
Q&A: Vista Processor Limits
Question: How many processors can Windows Vista use?


Vista targets consumers so it does have limits. Vista Business, Enterprise, and Ultimate OS support 2 physical CPUs; others support one only. There is no limit on the cores. So, for example, you could have 2 physical CPUs with 2 cores each and Vista Business will fully utilize all four processors. If you need more, use the Windows server OSes.

Posted By Mike Prestwood, Post #100828, KB Topic: Windows Vista

Windows Virtualization

Definition: The act of isolating or unbinding one computing resource from another. Windows virtualization adds virtualization services to the core Windows operating system at a fundamental level.
Posted By Mike Prestwood, Post #100838, KB Topic: Windows Vista
Q&A: Windows Vista Memory Recommendation
Question: How much memory do I need with Windows Vista?


With the size of applications and data, my belief is that you need a minimum of 2 GB of RAM not because it's required, but because Vista will use it. In Windows Vista, the caching scheme changed. Vista's SuperFetch built on and replaced Prefetch. Unlike Prefetch, SuperFetch will use up ALL memory you give it so you want as much memory on Vista as you can afford. My current Vista system has 3 GB of RAM with an additional 4 GB ReadyBoost compliant USB flash drive.

Posted By Mike Prestwood, Post #100822, KB Topic: Windows Vista

Topic: Windows XP

Tip: Uninstall in Safe Mode

By default, you cannot uninstall programs in Safe Mode. Whatever issue you are handling, your first choice is to resolve it using more acceptable solutions such as using System Restore or MSConfig. For MSConfig, try disabling all startup programs then see if you can use Add/Remove Programs. If you wish to enable the Windows Installer Service while in Safe Mode, add the following registry entry:

HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\SafeBoot\Minimal\MSIServer\VE\TREG_SZ\F\D %Service%

Posted By Mike Prestwood, Post #102020, KB Topic: Windows XP
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