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   ► KBTo/From GuidesDelphi Prism  Print This     

Code Blocks (Delphi Prism and PHP Cross Reference Guide)

By Mike Prestwood

Delphi Prism versus PHP: A side by side comparison between Delphi Prism and PHP.

Language Basics

Language basics is kind of a catch all for absolute beginner stuff. The items (common names) I chose for language basics is a bit random and include items like case sensitivity, commenting, declaring variables, etc.

Code Blocks

[Other Languages] 

Languages Focus

The rules for code blocks within a language dictate where you can declare variables, how you "bracket" code, etc.

Delphi Prism:   begin..end

Same as in Delphi for Win32 but Prism also supports inline variable declaration.

Syntax Example:
function DoSomething : integer;
 a, b : integer;
 a := 1;
 b := 2;
 var c : integer; //Prism allows inline (local) variables.
 c := a + b;
 result := c;
PHP:   { }

In .PHP html pages, you embed PHP code between <?PHP and ?>.

For PHP, JavaScript, Java,and C++, I prefer to put the first { at the end of the first line of the code block as in the example above because I see morePHP codeformatted that way (and on PHP.Net).

PHP Alternative Syntax

Although I don't like to use it, PHP offers an alternative syntax for if, while, for, foreach, and switch. These code blocks are surrounded by statement ending keywords that all use End with camel caps such as endif, endwhile, endfor, endforeach,and endswitch.

Syntax Example:
$x = "Yes";
//Simple if
If ($x == "Yes")
echo "hello world";
//If with a block of code.
If ($x == "Yes") {
echo "Hello world";
  echo "I am a PHP coder!";

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